National Gallery of Art.
After the reform, the Roman Catholic Church was in search of religious art, as a way to counter the threat of Protestantism. The entombment of Christ is an example of a really caravaggian painting. Here, we see 6 characters. With her arms wide open, on the upper right side, we see Mary of Cleofas.
With a hand in her forehead, we find Mary Magdalene and, behind her is the Mary that gave birth to Jesus. At the bottom, the son of God is dead. The composition is thought in diagonal, starting with the arms open of Mary of Cleofas and ending in the lower left corner of the canvas, Jesus and caravaggio by the arm of Christ.
The scene is dramatic, and we can see the suffering that it is expressed in different ways by the characters. Except for the face of Christ that, although he has the hand of John over the wound in his ribs, he feels no more earthly pain.
The representation of the characters is, at least, curious. Christ, instead of being idealized, white and pure, as he was often represented, here we find him with a hard worker contexture. However, the most important character of the work, after Christ, is Nicodemus.
There are versions that say that, in the painting, Nicodemus is in clear opposition to the figure of Christ: It is believed that this troll-like appearance was intended to make a contrast with the strong and worthy figure of Christ.
As if two worlds were opposite: Finally, something very interesting in this painting is the point of view: However, beyond of all of the above, what makes Caravaggio one of the most important artists of all times, and one of the favorites of Silver and exact; is the handling of illumination.
He uses the chiaroscuro technique, but he takes it to the extreme, by suppressing the intermediate values of light.
With this technique, not only he would influence the baroque, but a lot of artists after him as well, like Georges de la TourGiuseppe Ribera or Rembrandt.The Calling of Saint Matthew by Caravaggio "[The Calling of Saint Matthew] depicts Jesus calling Levi, the tax collector, to join his apostles (Mark ).
Levi sits at a table, counting out gold coins for a boy at the left, surrounded by overdressed young men in plumed hats, velvet doublets, and satin shirts. Jesus, a Galilean teacher and miracle-worker, was savagely whipped on the orders of Pontius Pilate.
Then the soldiers dressed him in purple, put a crown woven from thorns around his head, and mocked him as 'King of the Jews'. I maintain that Caravaggio excels at portraying "the mystery of the human being" and that is why Pope Francis contemplates and understands his message in paint.
Coincidentally, the Gospel for the day that the interview was released was about the woman, a known sinner, in the house of a Pharisee, who washed the feet of Jesus with her tears.
Caravaggio’s painting was not necessarily an immediate hit. In the classical schools of painting, the academies, of the 17th century, Caravaggio’s Supper at Emmaus was a cautionary tale, evidence of the inevitable decline and fall of painting as an institution itself.
Caravaggio’s masterpiece captures the birth of a vocation and an encounter between God and man. It reveals a dramatic moment in which two persons meet and two separate worlds converge.
Caravaggio often includes a light source to create tenebrism, or intense light and dark contrasts of color. He also includes strong diagonals throughout the composition of his paintings. The subject matter of Caravaggio’s paintings is usually biblical and often includes saints.